Selected Project References and Resources


Acemoglu, D., Aghion, P., Bursztyn L., & Hemous, D. (2012). The Environment and directed technical change. American Economic Review, 102(1), 131-166.

Adès, J., Bernard J.T., & González, P. (2012). Energy use and GHG emissions in the Quebec pulp and paper industry, 1990-2006. Canadian Public Policy, 38(1), 71-90.

Ahmad, Y.J., S. El Serafy and E. Lutz, eds. (1989). Environmental accounting for sustainable development: A UNEP-World bank symposium. The World Bank, Washington D.C.

Albrizio, S., Botta, E., Kozluk, T., & Zipperer, V. (2014). Do Environmental Policies Matter for Productivity Growth?: Insights from New Cross-Country Measures of Environmental Policies. OECD Economics Department Working Papers, No. 1176, OECD Publishing, Paris.

Ambec, S., Cohen, M., Elgie, S., & Paul, L. (2013). The Porter Hypothesis at 20: Can Environmental Regulation Enhance Innovation and Competitiveness? Review of Environmental Economics and Policy, pp. 1-22.

Anderson, J., Gomez, C., McCarney, G., Adamowicz, V., Chalifour, N., Weber, M., … Howlett, M. (2010). Ecosystem service valuation, market-based instruments, and sustainable forest management: A primer. State of Knowledge Primer. Sustainable Forest Management Network, Edmonton, Alberta. pp. 1-25

Avillez, R.d. (2014). A detailed analysis of productivity trends in the Canadian forest products sector. CSLS Research Report 2014-01, pp. 1-154.

Ball, E., Färe, R., Grosskopf, S., & Zaim, O. (2005). Accounting for externalities in the measurement of productivity growth: The Malmquist cost productivity measure. Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, 16, 374-394.

Banzhaf, S. & Boyd, J. (2012). The Architecture and measurement of an ecosystem services index. Sustainability, 4, 430-461.

Barbier, E. 2014. Account for depreciation of natural capital. Nature, 515, 32-33.

Bartelsman, E.J. & Doms, M. (2000). Understanding productivity: Lessons from longitudinal microdata. Journal of Economic Literature, 38, 569-595.

Behrer, P. 2015. Natural Inequality. In Sense and Sensibility: Fresh Perspectives on Sustainable Development Beine, M., Bos, C.S., & Coulombe, S. (2012). Does the Canadian economy suffer from Dutch disease? Resource and Energy Economics, 34, 468-492.

Berman, E. & Bui, L.T.M. (2001). Environmental Regulation and Productivity: Evidence form Oil Refineries. Review of Economics and Statistics, 83, 498-510.

Besco, L. (2013). Green productivity: Clarifying terminology and concepts. International Journal of Sustainable Economy, 6 (4), 406.

Bleischwitz, R. (2001). Rethinking productivity: Why has productivity focussed on labour instead of natural resources? Environmental and Resource Economics, 19, 23-36.

Bleischwitz, R. (2010). International economics of resource productivity – Relevance, measurement, empirical trends, innovation, resource policies. International Economics and Economic Policy, 7(2-3), 227-244.

Bleischwitz, R. (2012). Towards a resource policy – unleashing productivity dynamics and balancing international distortions. Mineral Economics, 24(2-3), 135-144. DOI: 10.1007/s13563-011-0014-5

Bleischwitz, R. (2014). Transparency in the extractive industries: Time to ask for more. Global Environmental Politics, 14(4), 1-9. DOI: 10.1162/GLEP_e_00254

Brandt, N., Schreyer, P., & Zipperer, V. (2014). Productivity measurement with natural capital and bad outputs. OECD Economics Department Working Paper, No. 1154.

Brandt, N., Schreyer P., & Zipperer, V. (2013). Productivity measurement with natural capital. OECD Committee on Statistics, STD/CSTAT/WPNA(2013)2. pp. 1-22. Retrieved from

Byerlee, D & Murgai, R. (2001). Sense and sustainability revisited: The Limits of total factor productivity measures of sustainable agricultural systems. Agricultural Economics: The Journal of the International Association of Agricultural Economists, 26(3), 227-236. Retrieved from

Conrad, K. & Morrison, C.J. (1989), The Impact of pollution abatement investment on productivity change: An Empirical comparison of the U.S., Germany, and Canada. Southern Economic Journal, 55(3), 684-698.

Costanza, R., & Daly, H. E. (1992). Natural capital and sustainable development. Conservation Biology, 6 (1), 37-46.

Dachraoui, K., M.H. Tarek. (2004). Water use, shadow prices and the Canadian business sector productivity performance. Statistics Canada Economic Analysis Research Paper Series, 11F0027MIE - No. 026.

de Bruyn, S., Markowska, A., de Jong, F., & Blom, M. (2009). Resource productivity, competitiveness and environmental policies. CE Delft. pp. 1-72.

Diewert, W.E. (1976). Exact and superlative index numbers. Journal of Econometrics, 4, 115-145.

Dobbs R., Oppenheim, J., Thompson, F., Brinkman, M. & Zornes, M. (2011). Resource revolution: Meeting the world's energy, materials, food and water needs. McKinsey Global Institute and McKinsey Sustainability & Resource Productivity Practice. Retrieved from

Färe, R., Grosskopf, S., Lovell, C.A.K. & Yaisawarng, S. (1993). Derivation of shadow prices for undesirable outputs: A distance function approach. Review of Economics and Statistics, 84, 374-380.

Färe, R., Grosskopf, S., & Hernandez-Sancho. F. (2004). Environmental performance: An index number approach. Resource and Energy Economics, 26, 343-352.

Fenichel E. P. & Abbot, J.K. (2014). Natural capital: From metaphor to measurement. Journal of the Association of Environmental and Resource Economist, 1(½), 1-27.

Gallop, F.M. & Swinand, G.P. (1998). From total factor to total resource productivity: An application to agriculture. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 80, 577-583.

Gollop, F.M. & Roberts, M.J. (1983). Environmental regulations and productivity growth: The Case of fossil fuelled electric power generation. Journal of Political Economy, 91, 654-674.

Greenstone, M. (2002). Impacts of environmental regulation on industrial activity: Evidence from the 1970 and 1977 clean air act amendments and the census of manufacturers. Journal of Political Economy, 47, 585-611.

Greenstone, M., List, J.A., & Syverson, C. (2012). The Effects of environmental regulation on the competitiveness of US manufacturing. NBER Working Paper, No. 18392.

Hailu, A. & Veeman, T.S. (2000). Environmentally sensitive productivity analysis of the Canadian pulp and paper industry, 1959- 1994: An input distance function approach. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 40, 251-274.

Hailu, A. & Veeman, T.S. (2001a). Non-parametric productivity analysis with undesirable outputs: An application to the Canadian pulp and paper industry. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 83, 605-616.

Hailu, A. & Veeman, T.S. (2001b). Alternative methods for environmentally adjusted productivity analysis. Agricultural Economics, 25, 211-218.

Hammer, M. & Somers, K. (2015). Manufacturing growth through resource productivity. In M. Hammer & K. Somers (Eds.), Resource-Productive Operations: Five Core Beliefs to Increase Profits Through Leaner and Greener Manufacturing Operations. Retrieved from

Harchaoui, T.M., Kabrelyan, D., & Smith, R. (2002). Accounting for greenhouse gases in the standard productivity framework. Statistics Canada Economic Analysis Research Paper Series, 11F0027MIE - No. 007.

Heal, G. (2012). Reflections – Defining and measuring sustainability. Review of Environmental Economics and Policy, 6, 147-163.

Hussain, J. & Bernard J.T. (2015). Flexible functional forms and curvature conditions: Evidence from parametric productivity measurement in Canadian manufacturing. (Unpublished Manuscript). University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada.

Johnstone, N., Hascic, I., & Popp, D. (2010). Renewable energy policies and technological innovation: Evidence based on patent counts. Environmental and Resource Economics, 45(1), 133–55.

Jouvet, P.A. & Perthuis, C.d. (2012). Green growth: From intention to implementation. Information and Debates Series, no. 15. Climate Economics Chair, Paris-Dauphine University: Paris, France. pp. 1-33.

Leontief, W. (1970). Environmental repercussions and the economic structure: An input-output approach. Review of Economics and Statistics, 52, 262-271.

Lipsey, R.G. (2002). The Productivity paradox: A case of the emperor’s new clothes. ISUMA: Canadian Journal of Policy Research, 3(1), 120-126.

Lipsey, R.G., & Carlaw, K. (2000). What does total factor productivity measure? International Productivity Monitor, 1, 31-40.

Mankiw, N.G., Romer, D. & Weil, D.N. (1992). A contribution to the empirics of economic growth. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 107(2), 407-437.

Muller, N.Z., R. Mendelsohn and W. Nordhaus. 2011. “Environmental Accounting for Pollution in the United States Economy.” American Economic Review, 101: 1649-1675.

Nanere, M. & Fraser, I (Eds.). (2001 ). Total factor productivity as a measure of weak sustainability. Proceedings from Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society: 2001 Conference (45th). Adelaide, Australia. Retrieved from

Olewiler, N. (2002). Natural capital, sustainability and productivity: an exploration of the linkages. In Review of Economic Progress and Social Progress 2002: Towards a Social Understanding of Productivity. Ottawa, Ontario: Centre for the Study of Living Standards & The Institute for Research on Public Policy. Retrieved from

Olewiler, N. (2008). Securing natural capital and ecological goods and services for Canada. Canadian Priorities Agenda, Brief No. 3. Retrieved from

Pearce, D. (2001). Measuring resource productivity. Department of Trade and Industry & Green Alliance Conference. London.

Pittman, R.W. (1983). Multilateral productivity comparisons with undesirable outputs. Economic Journal, 93, 883-891.

Popp, D. (2001). Pollution control innovations and the clean air act of 1990. NBER Working Papers 8593, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

Popp, D. (2006). International innovation and diffusion of air pollution control technologies: the effects of NOx and SO2 regulation in the US, Japan, and Germany. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 34(1), 46-71.

Porter, M. E. (1990). The competitive advantage of nations. New York: Free Press.

Porter, M. E. (1991). America's Green Strategy. Scientific American, 264(4), 168.

Porter, M. &. Linde, C. (1995). Toward a new conception of the environment: Competitiveness relationship. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 9, 97-118.

Repetto, R., Rothman, D., Faeth, P., & Austin, D. (1996). Has Environmental Protection Really Reduced Productivity Growth? World Resource Institute: Washington, DC.

Rezek, J.P. &. Perrin, R.K. (2004). Environmentally adjusted agricultural productivity in the Great Plains. Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, 29, 346-369.

Romer, P. (1989). Human capital and growth: Theory and evidence. NBER Working Paper, No. 3173.

Schlenker, W. & Lobell, D. (2010). Robust negative impacts of climate change on African agriculture. Environmental Research Letters, 5, 1-8.

Shaw, D.J. (2004). Canada’s productivity and standard of living: Past, present and future. Parliamentary Information and Research Service, Library of Parliament, TIPS- 40E.

Solow, R.M. (1956). A contribution to the theory of economic growth. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 60, 65-94.

Squires, D. (1992). Productivity measurement in common property resource industries: An application to the pacific coast trawl fishery. RAND: Journal of Economics, 23(2), 221-236.

Steinberger & Krausmann. (2010). What do economic resource productivities measure? Presented at International Society of Ecological Economics, August 2010. Oldenburg - Bremen, Germany.

Steward B., Veeman, T. & Unterschultz, J. (2009). Crops and livestock productivity growth in the prairies: The Impacts of technical change and scale. Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics, 57, 397-394.

Swinand, G.P. (1999). From total factor productivity to total resource productivity: Incorporating trends in pesticide pollution into productivity growth measures in U.S. agriculture (Doctoral Dissertation). Boston College.

Syed, A., Grafton, Q., & Kalirajan, K. (2013). Productivity in the Australian mining sector. BREE Discussion Paper Series, 13-01.

Syverson, C. (2011). What determines productivity? Journal of Economic Literature, 49, 326- 365.

To, J. & Pentelow, L. (2012). The Double dividend: Defining a framework for understanding our natural capital. Unpublished manuscript. University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada.

Topp, V. & Kulys, T. (2014). On productivity: The Influence of natural resource inputs. The International Productivity Monitor, no. 27, 64-78. Retrieved from

Topp, V., Soames, L., Parham, D., & Bloch, H. (2008). Productivity in the Mining Industry: Measurement and Interpretation. Productivity Commission Staff Working Paper, December.

Venier, L.A., Thompson, I.D., Fleming, R., Malcolm, J., Aubin, I., Trofymow, J.A, … Brandt, J.P. (2014). Effects of natural resource development on the terrestrial biodiversity of Canadian boreal forests. Environmental Reviews, 22(4), 457-490.

Worrell, E., Laitner, J. A., Ruth, M., & Finman, H. (2003). Productivity benefits of industrial energy efficiency measures. Energy, 28(11), 1081-1098.

Zhou, P., Poh, K.L. & Ang, B .W.A. (2007). Non-Radial DEA approach to measuring environmental performance. European Journal of Operational Research, 178, 1-9.

Institutes, Think Tanks, Associations & Others

Centre for International Governance Innovation (Ed. P. Lanoie). (2014). Greening economic growth: How can environmental regulation enhance innovation and competitiveness? Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI). Retrieved from

Forest Products Association of Canada. (2014). Pathways to prosperity for Canada’s forest products sector: Vision 2020 report card 2010-2012. Ottawa, Ontario. Retrieved from

Forest Products Association of Canada. (2014). Canada’s forest products industry gets top grade: Productivity report card. Ottawa, Ontario. Retrieved from

International Institute for Sustainable Development. (2013). Why we don’t really measure natural capital but really should. Ottawa, Ontario: R. Smith. Retrieved from

Parliamentary Information and Research Service. (2009). Productivity: Its increasing influence over Canadians’ standard of living and quality of life (Library of Parliament Call No. PRB- 03-15E). Ottawa, Ontario: D.J. Shaw. Retrieved from

National Bureau of Economic Research (Ed. Brunel, C.). (2015). Explaining the clean-up of U.S. manufacturing, 1990-2008. The NBER Digest Online.

Natural Resources Canada. (2012). Economic impact of Canada’s natural resource sector. Backgrounder. Retrieved from

Canadian Industrial Energy End-use Data and Analysis Centre Simon Fraser University. (2014). Energy use and related data: Canadian paper manufacturing industries 1990 to 2012. Presented to Forest Products Association of Canada. Burnaby, BC: J. Nyboer & M. Bennett.

OECD. (2008). Measuring materials flows and resource productivity. Volume 1: The OECD Guide. Retrieved from

Resources for the Future. (2015). Resources, No. 188. Washington, DC.

Statistics Canada. (2011). National tourism indicators, first quarter 2011. Ottawa, Ontario: Income and Expenditure Accounts Division & The National Accounts Integration and Development Division. Retrieved from

Sustainable Prosperity. (2014). Getting biodiversity offsets right: A research agenda for Canada. Ottawa, Ontario: M. Brownlee. Retrieved from

Sustainable Prosperity. (2014). Nature, it’s in our business: Select case studies in natural capital accounting. Ottawa, Ontario: M. Brownlee, & M Winstanley. Retrieved from

Sustainable Prosperity. (2010). Carbon pricing, innovation and productivity: implications for Canadian policy makers. Ottawa, Ontario: R. Martin & A. Kemper. Retrieved from

Sustainable Prosperity. (2014). The Importance of natural capital to Canada’s economy. Ottawa, Ontario. Retrieved from

United Nations Industrial Development Organization & Sustainable Europe Research Institute (2013). Green growth: From labour to resource productivity best practice examples, initiatives and policy options. Vienna, Austria: Hinterberger F., Giljum S., Omann I., Polsterer N., Stocker, A. Burrell, L., … Hartwig, F. Retrieved from

TD Economics Special Report (Eds. C. Alexander & B. DePratto). (2014). The Value of urban forests in cities across Canada. Retrieved from

TD Economics Special Report (Eds. D. Drummond & A. Bentley). (2010). The Productivity puzzle: Why is the Canadian record so poor and what can be done about it? Retrieved from

TD Economics Special Report (Eds. C. Alexander & B. DePratto). (2014). Valuing the world around us: An introduction to natural capital. Retrieved from

University of the United Nations-International Human Dimensions Programme & United Nations Environment Programme. (2012). Inclusive Wealth Report 2012: Measuring progress toward sustainability. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Retrieved from

University of the United Nations-International Human Dimensions Programme & United Nations Environment Programme. (2014). Inclusive wealth report 2014. Measuring progress toward sustainability. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Retrieved from

World Wildlife Fund. (2014). Accounting for natural capital in EU policy decision-making. World Wildlife Fund Background Paper on Policy Developments. Retrieved from