Carbon Pricing and Mind the Hissing

A number of provinces have either adopted or are considering climate policy options involving`carbon pricing.' Carbon pricing, i.e. internalizing the social cost of emitting carbon into the atmosphere, is the economically most efficient solution to fixing the environmental externality problem underlying climate change (Jae, Newell, and Stavins 2005). Depending on the stringency of targets and parameters of the policy regime adopted, such programs can generate a sizeable amount of revenue.

Bonds and Climate Change 2014

This is the third annual update of the Bonds and Climate Change report and its Canadian supplement. Since the first report in 2012, the climate bonds landscape in both Canada and the world has changed dramatically.

Growing Risk, The impact of changes in agricultural production on consumer expenditures in Canada

Environmental trends, particularly declining water availability, soil depletion, and climate change, will impact food production in Canada and globally. These trends will change the growing conditions for agriculture by impacting temperatures, rainfall patterns, length of growing season, and fertilizer requirements. In some scenarios they may have a positive impact on agricultural productivity, and in other scenarios the effect is likely negative.

Nature, it's in our Business, Select Case Studies in Natural Capital Accounting

Natural capital refers to the natural environment and its ecosystems from which we extract ecosystem goods (such as wood, minerals, water) and ecosystem services (such as pollination, flood control, air purification, climate moderation) for our use. Natural capital underpins our economy and yet its use is often underpriced or free, and when we degrade or destroy it we are not often held responsible.
Key Messages

Getting Biodiversity Offsets Right

A Research Agenda for Canada In Canada, both our culture and our economy are linked to biodiversity: our economy is in large part underpinned by the extraction of natural resources while our cultural identity is often linked to our abundant biodiversity and large areas of wilderness. Biodiversity offsets offer promise as one tool, among a suite of others, that could enable better protection of biodiversity than would otherwise occur under most existing processes, while promoting sustainable development.


About the Project

The goal of this project is to shed light on the relationship between economic activity and the environment by exploring the linkages between changes in our natural capital and our measures of productivity generally, and through the construction of an environmentally adjusted measure of productivity specifically.

While it is now commonly accepted that economic activity and the state of our environment are linked, many economic measures still fail to incorporate the environment – both the things we draw from it and the pollution we release into it. By developing and calculating measures of productivity that include natural capital, Canada may be able to better understand these linkages. This, in turn, may lead to the identification of strategies that can help Canada become more efficient and innovative in the use and protection of natural capital, and thus more productive and more prosperous.

Using the forestry sector as a case study, this project aims to construct an environmentally adjusted measure of multifactor productivity. In doing so, we aim to add another layer of understanding to the environmental and economic performance of this sector. The proposed measure will have relevance to the Canadian economy as a whole.